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Parque El Óvalo - Pamplona Alta (Lima, Perú)
Lima, Peru
image: Ocupa Tu Calle | © all rights reserved
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Location:
Lima, Peru
Category:
urban planning
Phase:
under construction
Updated:
26 January 2023
Óvalo Park is a meeting space in Pamplona Alta (Lima, Peru) that represents a solution to the lack of access to quality public spaces and food insecurity in one of the most vulnerable areas in the city. The project provides a space for recreation, rest and supplying the community's communal kitchen. It includes urban vegetable gardens, solar lights, and gray water filters to take advantage of the scarce water in the area.
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Introduction
The project is located in El Mirador II, a human settlement in Pamplona Alta - Lima, Peru. This place is known for being close to the "wall of shame", a 10 km wall that separates this area, one of the poorest in the city, from one of the richest. Pamplona Alta has several problems that affect the quality of life of the people who live here. These include lack of access to water and sewage, limited and unsafe access roads, food insecurity, among others. 

This area was one of the most affected during the pandemic due to the loss of jobs and the lack of nearby access to safe and public recreational areas that would facilitate social distancing. In San Juan de Miraflores, the district where the area is located, only 3.8% of its area is designated for recreation, equivalent to 1.6 m2 per capita (Ojo Público, 2021). It is in this context that the Ocupa Tu Barrio program was born, an initiative that seeks to strengthen citizen ties through community nodes and the development of resilience protocols at the neighborhood level that allow the generation of an effective action plan for the neighborhoods. 

The "Parque El Óvalo" project is one of the Ocupa Tu Barrio actions worked on in Pamplona Alta. It is an urban intervention designed and worked collaboratively with the neighbors of the area through participatory ideation and co-creation workshops. This contributes to the appropriation of the project by the community, facilitating its sustainability over time.
Vista El Mirador II - Pamplona Alta

image: Elizabeth Sánchez (2022) | © all rights reserved
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Impact
The project not only represents an inclusive and quality public space for the community, but is accompanied by an action plan and a resilience protocol that is implemented in the context of emergency and post-emergency health. This allows the activation of solidarity, aid, supply and care networks, as well as facilitating the economic reactivation of community members to reduce their vulnerability.

Within a year, it is expected to increase the level of satisfaction of the community with their public spaces, which is related to target 7 of SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, as it promotes access to a safe, inclusive and accessible public space. Likewise, it is expected to contribute to strengthen the food security of the community with the gardens located in the intervention, an action related to target 1 of SDG 2: Zero Hunger. This will facilitate the community's access to healthy and sufficient food throughout the year.

Regarding the quantitative impacts of the project, more than 50 people have received training in the care of urban gardens for use in the community kitchen and more than 10 neighbors were hired for the construction of the first two phases (of 3) of the intervention, which generated job opportunities for the community. In addition, the early childhood and gender focus was included in the workshops, involving 60 women from the community kitchen and associations of recyclers, boys and girls in the process of designing interventions. 

This intervention benefited 165 families from Mirador II and 4 neighboring human settlements in Pamplona Alta.
sdgs
Core team
The team is formed by Ocupa Tu Calle and the Mirador II community. Ocupa Tu Calle is a project that promotes citizen urbanism as an urban model for the transformation of public and common spaces into more human, inclusive and resilient spaces, working for and with people. The project's implementation team in Pamplona consists of:
  • The neighbors of Mirador II, led by Juan Carlos Ancco: General Secretary of Mirador II and Marcelina Villano: Coordinator of the community kitchen  "Yo me quedo en casa".
  • Lucía Nogales (Director of Ocupa Tu Calle): Master of Architecture from the Polytechnic University of Madrid with a diploma in Basic Habitability for Social Inclusion from the National University of Engineering of Peru. She specializes in the development of processes of analysis, production, occupation and evaluation of public space, as well as teaching. 
  • Ingrid Salazar Moreno (Urban Process Supervisor): Master's degree and specialization in Urban and Regional Planning from the University of Buenos Aires. She has experience in the execution of public and private construction projects. 
  • Elizabeth Sánchez Saba (Urban Design Assistant): Architect by the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. She is co-founder of UAMPU, a brand that seeks to find ecological solutions to the problem of water scarcity. 

Other organizations that have been part of this project are: Reciclaje.pe, an NGO that promotes the implementation of urban gardens, and the Frieda and Manuel Delgado Parker Association, who have promoted actions in the AAHH El Mirador and have supported the search for funds.
Core team

image: Gabriel Córdova (2022) | © all rights reserved
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Image gallery
El Óvalo 2nd phase inauguration

image: Gabriel Córdova (2022) | © all rights reserved
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El Óvalo - 2nd Phase inauguration

image: Gabriel Córdova | © all rights reserved
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Children from the community dancing in the inauguration of the 2nd phase of the project

image: Gabriel Córdova (2022) | © all rights reserved
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Human settlement El Mirador II - Pamplona Alta

image: Elizabeth Sánchez (2022) | © all rights reserved
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Women from the community with the urban vegetable gardens

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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Children from the community presenting their work after a neighborhood exploration workshop

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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Urban vegetable garden workshop with the communal kitchen organization

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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Technical drawings
Parque El Óvalo - Isometry

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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Parque El Óvalo - Architectural plant

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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Parque El óvalo - Architectural cuts

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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3 construction phases of Parque El Óvalo

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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Help bring our project to life!

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Help bring our project to life!
Where are we now
We began the construction this year and it is already showing beneficial results. It is divided into 3 phases. Phase 1 included a contention wall, urban gardens, stairs, ramps, and trees. With the contention wall, the community now meets one of Sedapal's requirements (the city's water and sewage company) for installing pipes in the area. 

Phase 2 was completed this year with funding from Avina and UN Habitat. This includes playground equipment, solar luminaires, and a graywater filter. We used cyclopean paving to make the most of the materials and avoid unnecessary costs. The luminaire also helps to mitigate insecurity in the area, as it works when there are power outages.
An indication of our team’s capacity:
70% funding already raised
50% expertise already found
60% materials / equipment already found
40% builders already found
Finance: € 9,347
With your support, we will be able to finish the project in 2023 with the 3rd phase. This includes bleachers, a ramp, and cyclopean concrete paving. Although the project is advanced and functional, implementing the third phase is of great importance, as it provides a consolidated and quality public space for the community. This space will allow the development of new and more activities for recreation, meetings and organization. Specialized workshops will also be held for the community on the use of urban gardens, self-care/self-esteem, community work and finances. This will contribute to the empowerment of the community.
  • 300 bags of cement and aggregates
2,516
  • Machinery rental (excavator and mixer)
395
  • Local labor: 8 builders
3,864
  • Vegetation: ornamental plants and vegetables
755
  • 2 solar luminaires
166
  • Transportation of materials
226
  • Transportation of personnel and volunteers
302
  • Workshop materials
121
  • 4 specialized workshop specialists
906
  • complementary risk work insurance (SCTR)
96
Skills: Technique
The project is implemented by volunteers and by the Mirador II community's implementation team. In this sense, we provide training for the correct construction and maintenance of the space. We need expertise in technical matters regarding the maintenance of materials, construction techniques with recycled and sustainable materials, and the use and construction of planters. In this way, we will not only be completing a beneficial project for the area, but we will also be strengthening the community's capacities. 
Design participatory workshop

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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Stuff: Equipment & tools, Materials
The project needs donations of cement and aggregates for the structures and rest areas, vegetation for the planters and urban gardens, and tools for construction. In this way, we will be able to accelerate the implementation process of the work, as this is one of the points that takes the longest to obtain and finance. On the construction tools side, we will be able to guarantee the safety of the builders by providing them with the necessary equipment for their work in dignified and safe conditions. 
El Óvalo implementation

image: Elizabeth Sánchez (2022) | © all rights reserved
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Hands
The project needs construction and hourly volunteers. With the help of construction volunteers, we will be able to speed up the implementation of the project and optimize execution times. With hourly volunteers, we will be able to conduct specialized workshops for the community. Support can be provided from an area of expertise aligned with the person's career. For example, architects can provide design training, psychologists can conduct emotional workshops, etc. This project also provides an opportunity for volunteers, as they will be in constant contact with partners and organizations working in Pamplona. 
Volunteers, team members and community

image: OTC | © all rights reserved
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Help bring our project to life!
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